Storage & Processing -     Fresh     Frozen     Liquid     Shelf-Stable     Dried     Others

Product

Process

Packaging

Characteristic,/ Application

Storage

FRESH

Fresh blueberies

Fresh blueberries > packaged

Consumer packs: plastic clam shells, cello packs Cartons: 5 lb. (2.3 kg), 10 lb. (4.5 kg)

Available almost year- round! Fresh or glazed topping on fresh baked cakes

32-34 F (0 - 1 C)90-95% relative humidity

FROZEN

 

IQF(Individually Quick Frozen)

 >Fresh blueberries>individually quick frozen> packaged.

Consumer packs: poly bags. Bulk: Poly lines corrugated cartons 10-50 lb. (4.5 - 22.7 kg)Poly-lined metal drums: 270 lb. (122.5 kg)

Individual fresh fruit identity. Any formulation where fruit identity is important.

0 to -10 F

(-18 to -23 C)

Shelf Life: up to 24 months with proper packing, storage, handling conditions.*

Case Frozen >Fresh blueberries>packed in cases> frozen Bulk: Poly lines corrugated cartons 10-50 lb. (4.5 - 22.7 kg)Poly-lined metal drums: 270 lb. (122.5 kg) All food industry formulations

0 to -10 F

(-18 to -23 C)

Shelf Life: up to 24 months with proper packing, storage, handling conditions.*

Straight Pack

(sometimes called "Block Frozen or BQF)

>Fresh Blueberries> packaged> flash frozen.

Poly-lined corrugated cartons: 30-50 lb. (13.6 - 22.7 kg)Poly-lined metal drums: 350 lb. (158.8 kg)

High amount of fruit in a box., >A base ingredient for making toppings, syrups fillings and soups.

0 to -10 F

(-18 to -23 C)

LIQUID

 

Single Strength Puree

>Fresh blueberries> crushed>finished> pasteurized or cold filled in containers> frozen.

Plastic pails: 28, 30 lb. (12.7, 13.6 kg)Poly lined corrugated cartons: 25,30 lb. (12.7, 13.6 kg)

Poly lined metal drums: 55 gal (208 l) 400 lb. (181 kg)

Brix: 8.0 -13.0

pH: 2.8 -3.5>Used in, sauces, flavorings and fillings.

0 to -10 F

(-18 to -23 C)

Puree Concentrate

>Fresh blueberries> crushed > heat/enzyme treated> vacuum concentrated > pasteurized > packaged > frozen.

Plastic pails: 4,6 gal (15.1, 22.7 l)28,30,60 lb. (12.7, 13.6, 27.2 kg)

Poly-lined metal drums filled to desired Brix levels.

Brix Ranges: 20,37, 40

pH: 2.8 - 3.4>Juices, sauces, blends.

0 to -10 F

(-18 to -23 C)

Single Strength Juice

>Fresh berries > crushed > pressed > filtered > pasteurized > packaged > frozen

Plastic pails: 5,6 gal (18.9, 22.7 l) 28,30,60 lb. (12.7,13.6, 27.2 kg)Poly-lined metal drums filled to desired Brix levels.

Brix: 8.0 - 12.0

pH: 2.8 - 3.4>All natural fruit juices.

0 to -10 F

(-18 to -23 C)

Juice Concentrate

>Fresh blueberries > crushed > heat/enzyme treated > vacuum concentrated > packaged > frozen.

Plastic pails: 5,6 gal (18.9, 22.7 l)

50,66 lb. (22.7, 29.9 kg)Poly-lined metal drums filled to desired Brix levels.

Brix: 45.0, 65.0

pH: 2.1 - 2.7>Used in fruit juices and also as sauce flavor.

0 to -10 F

(-18 to -23 C)

Essence

>volatile flavor components distilled off from juice and concentrate process > packaged.

Plastic pails: 5,6 gal (18.9, 22.7 l) and other sizes.

Intensive blueberry flavor found in no artificial flavoring.>Used to boost blueberry flavor in tandem with berries. Also brewing flavor.

Tightly closed container at 40F (4 C) or lower

SHELF STABLE

 

Canned
Canned (Packed in Water)

>Fresh or frozen blueberries > placed in cans > light or heavy syrup added > sealed > heated.
Fresh or frozen blueberries>placed in cans>water added>sealed>heated.

Cans: #2, #21/2 #10, other sizes

Various levels of fruit content depending on supplier and application.

Shelf stable in a cool, dry place.

Bakery fruit fillings

>Fresh or frozen blueberries and/or other forms > sweetener and starch/gum based slurry added > heated > packaged to specifications. (differs from supplier to supplier)

Plastic and foil pouches, 5 gal plastic pails (18.9 l) and 55 gal drums.(208.2 l)

Various levels of fruit content depending upon supplier and end use.>Used in Danish, fruit fillings and toppings.

Shelf stable in a cool, dry place.

DRIED

 

Dehydrated

>Fresh or frozen blueberries > air dehydrated to around 11-18 % moisture > further processed to dried fruit specs: i.e. oil coated, diced etc.

Poly- lined corrugated boxes:5, 10, 25 lb.

Moisture: 11-18 % Water Activity: 0.5-0.6

Shelf stable in a cool, dry place.

Freeze Dried

>Fresh or frozen blueberries > flash frozen > moisture removed in vacuum chamber > sealed in moisture proof bags.

Poly lined corrugated boxes,(10 lb.) and other custom sizes

Moisture level (unsweetened): 0-2 %

Moisture level: (sweetened): 9-14%

Stable at room temperature for 3 months, after that store at 40 F. (4C)

Drum Dried/Powders

> Fresh or frozen blueberries or puree > drum dried > ground into powder or flakes to specifications

Poly lined corrugated boxes,(10 lb.) and other custom sizes

Moisture Content: 3-5%Available in various screen sizes and granule consistency..

Stable at room temperature for 3 months, after that store at 40 F. (4 C)

Other `

>Real fruit bits and chips are formulated out of a blend of puree and other ingredients.

10 lb. boxes and other custom sizes.

Fruit Content: 30-40 %>Used in cookies and other baking and snack applications.

Shelf stable in a cool, dry place.

2013 - US Highbush Blueberry Council       * Based on expert opinion of USHBC Food Technology Staff from personal historical observations  See:FAQ
** Informational Resource:  CODEX Alimentarius, Code of Practices for the Processing & Handling of Quick Frozen Foods. (CAC/RCP 8 -1976)
***CODEX Alimentarius Standard for Quick Frozen Blueberries.  103-1981